Gait analysis is a method for identifying biomechanical abnormalities in the gait cycle - in other words, it's a way of assessing the way in which you walk and run.BIOMECHANICS & GAIT ANALYSIS: AN OVERVIEW Biomechanics and Gait Analysis are the study of the body's function and movement and it's effect on the lower limbs. Pain in the feet, ankles, knees, hips and back can all be caused by a discrepancy in the bodies movement. This assessment allows us to identify and treat a number of complex gait issues, from injury rehabilitation, to improving sporting performance. The Gait Cycle A complete gait cycle begins when one foot makes contact with the ground and ends when the same foot makes contact with the ground for a second time. The two main phases that occur are the ‘Stance Phase’ and the ‘Swing Phase’ and each can have isolated problems. Gait Cycle If an asymmetry is present between the left and right hand side of the body or feet, then this can cause a biomechanics dysfunction, which is a change in the musculoskeletal mechanics resulting in faulty movement patterns. These ‘faulty movements’ will manifest as pain or a reduction in your movement potential and mobility. A typical example would be that of a previous injury, during which time you have avoided placing normal pressure on the affected area. The result is a pathological change to your gait, otherwise known as a ‘learned behaviour’. Subsequently this alteration in gait manifests further problems in other areas and is typically accentuated in walkers, runners and other athletes, due to the extra stresses they place on the muscle groups.